Quebec is the largest province in Canada by area and only one with a predominantly French speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French.
It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario, to the east by the province of Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick and on the south by the United States. The St. Lawrence River is certainly the heart of the province and most inhabitants live in urban areas between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital.
As one would expect, dining and accommodation are of excellent quality here, and there is no better way to experience the province than by staying in its “Auberges” – unique small inns that reflect the different communities.
- Capital - Québec city
- Flower - Fleur-de-Lys (Madonna Lily)
- Entered Confederation - 1 July 1867
- Population, approx - 7,334,000
- Land area out of Canada's total area - 15.5%
Québec city (686,600) is the ancient capital of Québec and home to its legislature.
Montreal is Canada's second largest city (3,423,500) and the heart of French culture in North America. Other cities include:
- Trois-Rivieres, (48,419)
- Sherbrooke, (152,100)
- Chicoutimi-Jonquiere (162 500) and
- Hull (62,339).
Québec is in the Eastern Time zone.
With such a huge land mass and extending over 5 degrees of latitude the province of Québec has wide temperature variations. In the south, the climate is temperate with four distinct seasons, a mild spring, an often hot summer, a chilly autumn, and a snowy, cold winter. The extreme northern portion of the territory is subject to the rigours of the Arctic climate. Average summer temperatures can range between 20º C and 5º C. Winter can vary from 5 months in the south to 8 months in the north. Average winter temperature range between -10 º C and -25º C and total precipitation between 900 and 400 mm.
Québec has four types of climate:
- humid continental - south of the 50th parallel with a hot summer, a cold winter and abundant precipitation,
- subarctic, between the 50th and 58th parallels with colder, longer winters, shorter, cooler summers, less precipitation,
- Arctic climate in the far north with rigorous winter, brief annual thaw, continuous permafrost,
- Eastern maritime in the Îles-de-la-Madeleine